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Tanzania is located in eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean. Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, the mainland Tanganyika and the island of Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. From independence until the mid-1980s, Tanzania was a one-party state with a socialist model of economic development. Beginning in the mid-1980s, Tanzania undertook a number of political and economic reforms, and multiparty elections in 1994 ended the one-party rule. Tanzania’s economy is heavily dependent on agriculture, which is vulnerable to climatic conditions. Although it has achieved sustained high growth from 2000 to 2008, Tanzania remains one of the poorest countries in the world.

Country Forecast
Major Cities
City Population
Dar es Salaam 2,698,652
Dodoma 180,541
Mwanza 436,801
Key Data
Region : Africa
Population : 45,298,800
Area Total : 945,090 km2
Area Land : 886,040 km2
Coast Line : 1,424 km
Capital : Dar es Salaam
Climate : Varies from tropical along coast
to temperate in highlands.
Languages : Kiswahili or Swahili (official)
Kiunguju (name for Swahili in Zanzibar)
English (official, primary language of commerce,
administration, and higher education)
Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar)
Currency : 1 Tanzanian shilling (TSh$) = 100 cents
Holiday : Union Day is 26 April (1964), Saba Saba Day is 7 July, Chama Cha Mapinduzi Day is 5 February
Average Daily TemperatureBoundaries
January : 23.50°C / 74.30°F
July : 19.90°C / 67.80°F
Annual Rainfall : 550.6mm / 21.7"
Kenya 769km
Mozambique 756km
Malawi 475km
Malawi 475km
Burundi 451km
Uganda 396km
Zambia 338km
Rwanda 217km
Ethnic DivisionsReligions
Indigenous African 99%
Other 1%
Christian 45%
Muslim 34%
Indigenous beliefs 20%
Other 1%

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