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Saudi Arabia is one of the main players in the Arab and Muslim worlds. Its stature is built on its prestige as the birthplace of Islam, and its status as a major oil producer. It is one of the wealthiest nations in the Middle East thanks to its vast oil resources. Saudi Arabia possesses 25 percent of the world’s proven petroleum reserves, ranks as the largest exporter of petroleum, and plays a leading role in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). The country was named after the ruling Al Saud family, which came to power in the 18th century. The modern state of Saudi Arabia was founded in 1932 by Ibn Saud who established a Saud monarchy after a 30-year campaign to unify most of the Arabian Peninsula. Since his death in 1953, he has been succeeded by various sons. With increased demands for political reform, the country held its first municipal elections in 2005 as a limited exercise in democracy. But the Al Saud dynasty holds a monopoly of power, and political parties are banned.

Country Forecast
Major Cities
City Population
Jiddah 2,867,446
Mecca 1,323,624
Riyadh 4,205,961
Key Data
Region : Middle East
Population : 27,345,986
Area Total : 1,960,582 km2
Area Land : 1,960,582 km2
Coast Line : 2,640 km
Capital : Riyadh
Climate : Harsh, dry desert with great extremes of temperature
Languages : Arabic
Currency : 1 Saudi riyal (SR$) = 100 halalah
Holiday : National Day is September 23
Average Daily TemperatureBoundaries
January : 14.30°C / 57.70°F
July : 34.60°C / 94.30°F
Annual Rainfall : 112.7mm / 4.4"
Yemen 1458km
Iraq 814km
Jordan 728km
Oman 676km
United Arab Emirates 457km
Kuwait 222km
Qatar 60km
Ethnic DivisionsReligions
Arab 90%
Afro-Asian 10%
Muslim 100%

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