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With a population of around 21 million, Romania is one of the largest countries in Central and Eastern Europe. Between 1250 and 1350, the independent Romanian principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia emerged. In the 15th and 16th centuries Ottoman Turks conquered the principalities. In 1859 Wallachia and Moldavia were united as Romania. The country gained independence in 1878, and was proclaimed a kingdom in 1881. It joined the Allied Powers in World War I and acquired new territories - most notably Transylvania – after the war. Romania entered World War II on the side of the Axis Powers in 1941, but after Soviet troops entered Romania in 1944 it joined the Allies. The post-war Soviet occupation led to the establishment of a Communist government, and in 1947 the king was forced to abdicate. Nicolae Ceausescu’s 24 years of harsh, repressive leadership was ended in late 1989 when he was overthrown and executed. However, former Communists dominated the government until 1996 when they were swept from power. Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the European Union in 2007. Romania is endowed with substantial natural resources including rich agricultural lands, diverse energy resources such as coal, oil, and natural gas, and an industrial base encompassing a wide range of manufacturing activities.

Country Forecast
Major Cities
City Population
Bucharest 1,877,155
Cluj-Napoca 316,748
Iaşi 318,012
Key Data
Region : Europe
Population : 21,729,872
Area Total : 237,500 km2
Area Land : 230,340 km2
Coast Line : 225 km
Capital : Bucharest
Climate : Temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms.
Languages : Romanian
Currency : 1 leu (L$) = 100 bani
Holiday : National Day of Romania, 1 December (1990)
Average Daily TemperatureBoundaries
January : -2.70°C / 27.00°F
July : 23.50°C / 74.00°F
Annual Rainfall : 586.74mm / 23.1"
Bulgaria 608km
Ukraine 531km
Serbia 476km
Moldova 450km
Hungary 443km
Ethnic DivisionsReligions
Romanian 90%
Hugarian 7%
Roma 2%
other 1%
German 1%
Romanian Orthodox 70%
unaffiliated 18%
Roman Catholic 6%
Protestant 6%

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